Assimilation Of Aboriginal People Essay

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Assimilation Of Aboriginal People Essay



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How Negative Perceptions Can Impact Indigenous People

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Further, they were not expected to wear Aboriginal clothes or engage in any form of community or cultural practice. In the end, the children did not get the education they were promised. Instead, they were subjected to systematic abuse and neglect Hamilton, Residential schools turned out to be avenues of racialized beliefs centering on inadequacy of Aboriginal people cultures and the schools became devoted to eradicating inferior cultures among the Aboriginals and in the process changing them Hamilton, Experience in these schools was traumatic as some survivors of the system would describe and the result was a forceful transformation of the Aboriginals to adopt Euro-Canadian culture and way of lives against their wishes Totten and Hitchcock, However, the author is of the view that this school system resulted into huge traumatic experiences to the Aboriginals, where the system in totality had damaging cultural, psychosocial, and economic intergenerational impact on Aboriginal peoples Totten and Hitchcock, From the work of this author, one point that comes out clearly is the fact that there were psychological legacies of atrocities directed against Aboriginals in these boarding schools.

Generally, the residential schools for the Aboriginals operated and functioned within an aggressive colonizing agenda where the schools produced an experience that was distinct and for later years, the subsequent generations would become victims of the cultural damage the institutions left and formed among the Aboriginal communities Rymhs, It is estimated that between and , about 40 percent of all aboriginal school-aged children were placed in boarding schools and what came to characterize this school was wide evidences of poor conditions. These poor conditions manifested in many ways such as neglect, and abuse and the blame is bestowed on the Church and the Canadian Government Rymhs, The author notes that the factor that contributed to creation of disastrous experience in these schools was based on the inherent racism that existed at the time towards the Aboriginals.

In this category, the teachers, staff, government officials, clergies, and even Canadian citizens disregarded the Aboriginals and to them these people could not be treated in equal measure like the Euro-Canadian citizens Pedro, The overall conviction among these residential schools was that there was need to give the Aboriginals some form of paternalistic education in order for them to become civilized. Apart from being avenues where abuses took place on aggravated level both physical, emotional and psychological, residential school was further seen to be poorly equipped and maintained both in terms o physical infrastructure and human resource personnel.

Further reports of overcrowding, poor building conditions, poor sanitation and ventilation, inadequate food, diseases such as tuberculosis, and inadequate health services constituted intertwined factors that led to high numbers of deaths in these schools Pedro, The aftermath of residential schools to the Aboriginal population has drawn mixed reactions while a small percentage has hailed the system claiming that it had great impact to their lives Pedro, , p. On the other hand, larger group has discredited the system claiming that it resulted into harmful effects that even it becomes hard to recognize the positives Pedro, , p.

Starting from s, evidence of crude conditions and impacts of residential schools started to emerge and numerous health problems were identified to be the product of abuses that took place in these schools. Majority of Aboriginal children in these schools suffered all kinds of abuse the major one being the emotional stress of being isolated from the family, community and culture Pedro, , p. Cultural dislocation for the Aboriginal children became the norm and the long-lasting effects of this cannot be imagined widely manifested through loss of language, culture, familial bonds, exposure to physical, mental, and sexual abuses. Due to lack of supervision in these schools, Aboriginal children were subjected to extreme punishment facilitated through physical violence, verbal assault, racist insults, and general humiliation Pedro, Many of them could not comprehend their language leave alone the whole culture.

Children appeared strange to their parents and to the society in general. More so, the harsh, abusive, and oppressive system they had gone through made majority of returnee to resort to alcohol and drug abuse as coping mechanism to relieve their detachment from their community as well as their memories of abuse Pedro, Historical and previous experiences cannot be divorced from the current state of the Aboriginal mental problems. The Aboriginals harbor unresolved grief which has become accustomed to passage to the successive generations Heart and DeBruyn, n. The two authors note that the first generation of Aboriginals who were victims of direct abuses and subsequent looses suffered from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD and the manifestation of this disorder include depression, hypervigilance, anxiety, and sometimes substance abuse Heart and DeBruyn, n.

What is evident is that PTSD has been passed on from one generation to the next among the Aboriginals. Most Aboriginal are believed to suffer from unresolved historical grief and just like any other communities that have undergone historical abuse Aboriginals are entitled to a pervasive sense of pain from what befell their grandparents and their community and what remains among them is incomplete mourning of those losses Heart and DeBruyn, n.

Numerous statistics shows that the present Aboriginal generation has been subjected to recurring traumatic losses especially of relatives and other community members through alcohol-related accidents, homicide and suicide while at the same time domestic violence among Aboriginals are one of the highest in the country Heart and DeBruyn, n. Deaths are frequent among the Aboriginals leaving people mourning from the last loss as they face the most recent one and these patterns of present losses together with significant trauma of the past have become responsible to the accelerated anguish, psychological numbing, and destructive coping mechanisms that are related to unresolved grief and historical trauma Heart and DeBruyn, n.

Further oppression Among the Aboriginals is still evident today, particularly fostered through spiritual persecution. Such behaviors are viewed to be assault to the Aboriginals and major source of modern trauma as experiences of the past become manifested and repeated. Alcohol abuse is prevalent among the Aboriginals and estimates show that it is about 5. Role models for drinking behavior for a long time have been associated with pathological and correlate to violence and it is an aspect of behavior Aboriginals have become accustomed to. Alcoholism behaviors among Aboriginals are associated with generational unresolved trauma and grief and the two authors, Heart and DeBruyn n.

Further, it is noted that the accelerating levels of suicide, depression, homicide, domestic violence, and child abuse among the Aboriginals can be associated with processes of internalized oppression and identification with the oppressor and motivated by historical forces. Addressing trauma among the Aboriginals Clinical activist strategies have been recommended by numerous researchers to constitute the best and most appropriate strategies in dealing with the issue of trauma among the Aboriginals Heart and DeBruyn, n. This is a model that has processes that encourage grieving historical trauma, and individuals are presented with the opportunity to go on with the healing processes through individual, group and family therapy as well as personal spiritual developments strategies Heart and DeBruyn, n.

At the same suggestion is made for the Aboriginals to take part in facilitating communal grief rituals while at the same time incorporating and participating in traditional practices Heart and DeBruyn, n. Further, some programs within the same dimensions are incorporating community elders and instances of storytelling teaching skills about the Aboriginal community history to the young people that have the capacity to serve as avenue of creating historical awareness and knowledge to the people of this community.

Effective healing for majority of traumatized individuals in this community is seen to originate from the role extended kin networks perform especially in providing support to identity formation, sense of belonging, recognition of shared history and the general survival of the group Heart and DeBruyn, n. Further, working with Jewish victims of Holocaust Fogelman note that, it is essential to develop specialized intervention programs that are built with a focus of resolving the general communal grief Heart and DeBruyn, n. At the same time, there is need for mental clinicians working with the affected people to develop appropriate and training programs to address the various problems Heart and DeBruyn, n.

The author concludes by noting that for perfect and long-term historical grief resolution there should be communal support, strength, identity, and the overall maintenance or replacement of extended family networks together with the response mechanisms to facilitate processes of addressing unresolved grief Heart and DeBruyn, n. Barth, W. On cultural rights: the equality of nations and the minority legal tradition. Crooks, C.

Ontario: Trafford Publishing. The goal was to surprise Indian culture and assimilate Indian children into mainstream American culture. This colony was formed by a group of Separatists, Puritans that believed the Anglican Church was too corrupt and could not be reformed so they formed their own church. On their way to America, they formed the Mayflower Compact, creating a form of government with rule by the majority. Upon landing in the New World, many perished due to starvation, but by forming an alliance with native people, they were able to survive. The Plymouth Colony never thrived, however, there were never more than 7, colonists, and they were not able to export many goods to England2.

Plymouth illustrates that while a colony can retain the mission with which it initially began, a utopian colony is not able to progress as well as a non-utopian colony, forcing it to either change or remain small and weak. During the colonial era, the boundaries of the English colony were drawn to serve commercial interests, largely without regard for the territorial claims of the indigenous peoples. Nigeria thus became a forced marriage which did not receive the approval of the couples involved.

Several attempts at secession have threatened national unity since the origination of Nigeria, the Biafra War being the last large-scale attempt of secessionist movements. Sadly, thus far, it is very disturbing that a majority of Nigerians have become slaves to their ethnic origins, instead of exploiting these diversities towards national. The Stimulus Creative Spirits, , looks at a timeline that refers to the Indigenous Australians while the White Australian Policy was active and it shows how the Indigenous Australians were receiving policies that are able to protect them. It does not make sense in the ways the Government excludes one race and ethnicity and yet employs new laws and legislation to protect another.

In , the government had directly taken the reserves given to the Native Americans for resources the nation had wanted. The absolute least we as a nation and sports league can do is take away a name that the Native Americans find offense to their culture. We have not given them a voice until recently, although it is still flawed in how we value their opinion. Cynthia Connolly, one of the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, says mascots representing them most often reflect who they were in the s, as warriors. People who had a criminal record, mental condition or political views were considered undesirable, even then if you had none of the three things listed above you had to be European or British decent.

In some rare cases they accepted people from Asia but that was only because they possessed the qualities they needed, for example if they were a doctor or chef. The story of the Tong Way family explains the impact of the White Australia policy on Chinese and other non-European residents. The Tong Way family migrated to Australia in the early 20th century, even though they were allowed to migrate, they were given no choice but to change their beliefs and cultural values, for example all members of the family wore Western dresses and were forced to use Christian names, like John, Mary, Joseph, Samuel, Doris and Hedley, this was very common for Chinese families in the 20th century, even after all the restrictions they faced they were still able to survive.

It is poignant to highlight that while policies specifically regarding Aborigines were terribly intolerant, it was racism from the community that rendered the policies ineffective. The government may have had a plan, but the culture it promoted had other. American and Australian native residential boarding schools have a lot in common, since they both s have the same goal. Which was to assimilate Native children into Western culture. Both Native American children and Aboriginal were taken to the boarding school by force. The whites believed that they were the dominant culture and their way of life and culture was the only way. Throughout the stolen generation the Australian public were led to believe that Aboriginal children were disadvantaged in their own homes and would benefit more in a white household.

However this decision to remove the children was not beneficial and has caused much hatred from the Aboriginals toward the Australian government. Focus Question 2- What were the consequences of the Stolen Generation? Ever since the American people arrived at the New World they have continually driven the Native Americans out of their native lands. Many people wanted to contribute to this removal of the Cherokees and their society.

The policy of segregation has impacted upon Aboriginal family life, for through this policy, Aboriginals were restricted and prohibited to practice their traditional culture, hence, resulting in the loss of their Indigenous identity and limiting the cultural knowledge for future Aboriginal generations. The segregation policy also achieved in disfiguring the roles of family members, primarily the male's role within the family.

The policy of assimilation, in comparison to the segregation policies, has also affected Aboriginal family life, because through the removal of children from their Aboriginal homes they to as a result were deprived of their Indigenous identity and cultural links. However, the policy of assimilation has had far greater an impact upon Aboriginal family life, for it has not only separated families and communities, but denied the parenting and nurturing of a generation of Aboriginal peoples and has also attributed to breakdowns in relationships between the non-Aboriginal and Aboriginal parent. Native American mascots are ignorant and a shame to their society. Today many Native Americans are battling against the disturbing image of Chief Wahoo and all the distorted images that these mascots set up about them.

The use of Indian mascots and symbols should come to an end because it is vulgar and is not considerate to the Native people and their society. Ultimately, stereotypes of Roma, a nomadic European population, have resulted in them facing prejudice actions which then have led to them being unaccepted and unemployable due to their nonexistent acceptance in society. The history of Roma is something which is widely misunderstood by the general population. They are a mysterious group of people who have a complex history due to the lack of written evidence and proof of their existence prior to medieval times.

One of the mysteries surroundi These things have lead to society's role being a great factor in how Roma are treated by influencing the opinions of those who know little about Roma. The assimilation process was extremely racist as it said that the aboriginal parents were not qualified enough to take care of their own children. The children were almost stolen from their parents and put into white families. The mothers of the children were lied about the whereabouts of their kids and told everything was fine. In fact nothing was fine, and only due to the deceitful government was this legal. The aboriginals were seen as inferior to the whites, much similar to the Jews in Germany.

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